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There are 100 names in this directory beginning with the letter K.
k

1. Abbreviation for the prefix kilo-, meaning one thousand. 2. Kilobyte. One thousand bytes (103) or 1024 (210) bytes. A unit of measurement used for computer file sizes. 2. Okay (chat).

K

1. A unit of measurement of computer storage capacity, 2^10 or 1024. 2. Kelvin, a unit of thermodynamic temperature.

k12

Top-level newsgroup category for an elementary and secondary education newsgroup.

ka- kichen assistant

a person who asists in the kichen giveing a hand in a task ,and use thier abilities of the job and delivering food or transporting food carts and is below and under an team leader does not have authority over staff , but can make sugestions and can report it to higer up’s in staffing ,and cab help out the team leader. and can try to make under standings for other staff with out the authority.

KA9Q

An implementation of TCP/IP and related protocols for amateur packet radio.

Kaleida Labs, Inc.

A joint project by IBM and Apple Computer for developing multimedia software.

kana

Japanese phonetic writing, which includes the two styles of hiragana and katakana. In Japanese books, kana is mixed with kanji, the whole-word symbols derived from Chinese. On computers, the phonetic symbols of kana are more often used.

kangaroo code

A clumsily-written, disorganized computer program created by a novice.

kanji

A character set of symbols used in Japanese ideographic alphabets. Each character requires 2 bytes to represent it.

katakana

A character set of symbols used in one of the two principal Japanese phonetic alphabets, mainly used for phonetic transliteration of foreign words. Each character uses two bytes.

Katmai New Instructions

(KNI). The code name for MMX2 instructions.

KB

Kilobyte. One thousand bytes (103) or 1024 (210) bytes. A unit of measurement used for computer file sizes.

Kb

1. Kilobit. One thousand bits (103) or 1024 bits (210). A unit of measurement of the capacity of memory integrated circuits. Not to be confused with kilobyte. 2. Sometimes used for kilobyte. One thousand bytes (103) or 1024 (210) bytes. A unit of measurement used for computer file sizes.

Kbit, K-bit, or kbit

Kilobit. One thousand bits (103) or 1024 bits (210). A unit of measurement of the capacity of memory integrated circuits. Not to be confused with kilobyte.

Kbits/sec

Kilobits per second. Thousand bits per second.

KBps

Kilobytes per second. Thousand bytes per second.

Kbps

1. Kilobits per second. Thousand bits per second. A data transfer rate.

Kbs

Kilobits per second. Thousand bits per second.

KBS

Knowledge-Based System. A computer system that is programmed to imitate human problem-solving by means of artificial intelligence and reference to a database of knowledge on a particular subject.

Kbyte or K-byte

Kilobyte. One thousand bytes (103) or 1024 (210) bytes. A unit of measurement used for computer file sizes.

Kbytes/sec

Kilobytes per second. Thousand bytes per second.

KDE

This is an acronym for K Desktop Enviornment; it is a open source graphical desktop enviornment for Unix workstations. It is easy to use with contemporary functions and outstanding graphical design.

Kenneth Iverson

Dr. Kenneth Iverson developed a programming language, J, which can be accessed from any ASCII keyboard and display. It was developed with the help of Roger Hui. Copies can be download at ftp://watserv1.uwaterloo.ca/languages/j/. Dr. Iverson created J as a means to introduce both mathematics and programming. He is the author of books that outline these methods.

Kerberos

The security system for MIT's Project Athena.

Kermit

A file transfer and terminal emulation program from Columbia University. Kermit can transfer text and binary files on many different computer platforms.

kernel

The essential part of a program or operating system, that performs the basic functions.

kerning

Reducing the spacing between certain pairs of letters in a proportional-pitch type to improve the appearance of the line of type. Proportional-pitch fonts often have automatic kerning of certain letter pairs; in a good type program, the operator can adjust the automatic kerning for style preference, or can kern individual pairs as needed. For example, A and V look better next to each other if they are moved closer together than, for example, A and B.

key

Each part of a keyboard that is pressed with a finger to input a character.

key cap

The top part of a keyboard key.

Key Caps

An interactive keyboard layout for Macintosh that shows for each typeface the characters available in uppercase, lowercase, and with option keys. The user picks a font from a pull-down menu, and the characters of that font show on the keyboard. Pressing the shift key will show the uppercase layout, and pressing the option key or option-shift will show additional characters. The equivalent utility for Windows is Character Map.

key entry

The entry of data by means of a keyboard.

key escrow

A policy of the United States government of allowing strong encryption technology to be exported pending the approval of the Commerce Department and under the condition that the company exporting the technology offer a third key to the government. Some United States companies have agreed to participate in the key escrow system. They include Ascend Communications, Cisco Systems Inc., 3Com Corporation, Hewlett-Packard Company, Nortel Networks, Novell Inc., and Sun Microsystems Inc., all members of the Alliance for Network Security.

key frame

In computer animation, a frame drawn directly by the animator which is at an important point in the action, such as the beginning or end of a movement. The frames in between key frames can be generated by the computer through a process called tweening.

key in

To enter data into the computer by means of the keyboard.

key recovery

An encryption arrangement in which a third party holds keys to unlock encrypted transmissions between two companies; this arrangement is supported by the U.S. government as a way to reserve access to encrypted transmissions when such access becomes necessary for criminal investigation or national security.

key repeat rate

The speed at which a character is repeated when its keyboard key is held down.

key-driven

Activated by means of a keyboard.

keyboard

A set of keys for computer input, which resembles a typewriter keyboard, but with a few extra keys for computer commands and usually a numeric keypad added. The original typewriter keys worked mechanically to make a metal hammer with a raised, inked type character on it strike a page. On a computer keyboard, hitting on a key sends an electrical signal to a microprocessor, which sends a scan code to the computer's basic input/output system. The BIOS translates the scan code into an ASCII code that stands for a character, which is read by the operating system or program so the character appears on the screen.

keyboard buffer

A memory area that stores keystrokes when a typist is too fast, to allow the program to catch up.

keyboard commands

Commands given by pressing keys on the keyboard; most keyboard commands require two keys pressed at once, and some require three or four keys pressed at once. For example, control-B, alt-G, command-shift-I.

keyboard key

Each part of a keyboard that is pressed with a finger to input a character. See also keyboard.

keyboard keys

The buttons on a keyboard that are pressed with a finger to input characters. See also keyboard, F keys, option key, QWERTY, Dvorak, ASCII.

keyboard overlay

A plastic template that can be fitted over the function keys to show how they are used within a particular program.

keyboard port

A port that connects a keyboard to the computer.

Keyboard Send Receive

(KSR). A keyboard send/receive terminal made by Teletype Corporation.

keyboard send-receive mode

(KSR mode). A mode in which a virtual terminal emulates a keyboard send/receive terminal.

keyboard send/receive

(KSR). A teletypewriter transmitter and receiver operated by means of a keyboard, with no monitor.

keyboard shortcut

A key combination that can be pressed to do a task, instead of using the mouse to select a pull-down menu option. Keyboard shortcuts can be found in the pull-down menus, where they appear next to the commands. A commonly-used keyboard shortcut in Windows or Macintosh is Control+S, which is a quick way to save a file.

keyboard-enhanced PDA

A personal digital assistant that has a keyboard; some of these can accept PC cards to expand memory or communications.

keying

Entering data by typing on a keyboard.

KeyNote Software

A company providing business directories for the software and multimedia industries.

keypad

A small keyboard; usually refers to the keys on a calculator or the
numerical keypad on a computer keyboard, which can be used with a calculator desktop utility.

keypal

An email pen pal. Some World Wide Web sites provide the service of helping people find keypals who share their interests.

keypunch

An old method of data entry in which a keyboard was used to activate a keypunch machine, which punched holes or notches in cards. The cards were fed into a computer to input data.

keypunch machine

An old-style data-entry machine which uses keyboard input to punch holes into cards by means of dies. The punched cards store data.

keystone

An effect which causes distortion of a projected image because the projector is not at a 90-degree angle to the screen. The distance to the top of the image on the screen is much greater than to the bottom. Usually the distorted image is wide at the top and narrow at the bottom; for example, a building may look like it is vanishing into the sky. This distortion especially happens on overhead projectors and front room projectors because they are placed so close to the screen. Keystoning may be corrected by adjusting the angle of the screen and by other techniques; see keystone correction.

keystone correction

A variety of methods that can be used to correct the keystoning effect often seen on overhead and front room projectors. For example, the angle of the screen can be adjusted. There are optical methods of keystone correction; some projectors apply a reverse keystone to the image, which cancels out the normal keystoning effect. Keystoning is less of a problem with mid-room projectors that can be located farther away from the screen. There are also digital methods of keystone correction, for example, in Photoshop 4.0.

keystoning

Distortion of a projected image because the projector is not at a 90-degree angle to the screen. The distance to the top of the image on the screen is much greater than to the bottom. Usually the distorted image is wide at the top and narrow at the bottom; for example, a building may look like it is vanishing into the sky. This distortion especially happens on overhead projectors and front room projectors because they are placed so close to the screen. Keystoning may be corrected by adjusting the angle of the screen and by other techniques; see keystone correction.

keystroke

Depression of a keyboard key; formulas (such as using Control keys to insert a frequently used phrase) that use fewer keystrokes make a typing job faster.

keyword

1. A word in a programming language that has a strictly defined meaning, such as goto, if, then, else. These words must be used only in the specific sense defined in the language. 2. A word used in a search, for example, to find World Wide Web documents relating to a particular subject.

Khornerstones

A benchmark program for testing a machine's CPU, I/O and floating point performance.

Khz

Kilohertz. Thousand cycles per second.

kick

To banish someone from an IRC channel, usually in response to bad behavior on the channel such as flooding. Only a channel op can kick a user.

Kid Pix

A children's drawing and painting program for Macintosh, from Broderbund Software.

Kill Cookie Batch File

A PC program that eats HTTP cookies, that is, removes them from the computer. See cookies.

kill file

A file for some Usenet reading programs which automatically discards certain articles according to criteria set up by the reader, such as subject or author. Items (such as people or subjects) added to the kill file will not be shown for reading.

killer app

An application that is an exciting technological breakthrough, or has important and useful features that make many people want to buy it.

killfile

A file for some Usenet reading programs which automatically discards certain articles according to criteria set up by the reader, such as subject or author. Items (such as people or subjects) added to the kill file will not be shown for reading.

kilo-

A prefix which means one thousand (10^3).

kilobaud

One thousand baud.

kilobit

(Kb, Kbit, K-bit, kbit). One thousand bits (103) or 1024 bits (210). A unit of measurement of the capacity of memory integrated circuits. Not to be confused with kilobyte.

kilobyte

(k, KB, Kb; also Kbyte or K-byte). One thousand bytes (103) or 1024 (210) bytes. A unit of measurement used for computer file sizes.

Kiloherz

(Khz). Thousand cycles per second.

kiosk

A small, stand-alone structure found on college campuses, in shopping malls, etc., which provides directories and other public information by means of a computer display and keyboard or touch screen.

KIPS

Thousands of instructions per second; a unit used to measure the speed at which a processor executes instructions. See also MIPS.

KIS

Knowbot Information Service. A directory retrieval service for Internet addresses, that uses intelligent agents to process requests. Also called netaddress.

KLOC

Stands for “thousands of lines of codes” — K refers to “thousands” and LOC refers to “Lines of Code.”

kludge

1. A crude or jerry-rigged, often short-term solution; a kludge can be hardware or software. 2. A program thought to be made in haste, or with little effort or forethought. Often a kludge will do the task, but lacks in efficiency or aesthetic quality.

klugey

Awkwardly designed; jerry-rigged; referring to hardware or software.

KMS

Knowledge Management System. A distributed system from Knowledge Systems, Inc. for managing knowledge in organizations.

KNI

Katmai New Instructions. The code name for MMX2 instructions.

Knight-Ridder Information Inc.

An online service in Mountain View, California, which provides access to over 400 databases.

Knowbot

A knowledge robot; a program that retrieves information on request.

Knowbot Information Service

(KIS). A directory retrieval service for Internet addresses, that uses intelligent agents to process requests. Also called netaddress.

knowledge acquisition

In AI (Artificial Intelligence), the acquisition of knowledge from humans which is entered into a computer and organized for use by an expert system.

knowledge base

A database of knowledge about a subject; used in artificial intelligence. The knowledge base for an expert system (a computer system that solves problems) comes partly from human experience and partly from the computer's experience in solving problems. The knowledge base must be expressed in a formal knowledge representation language for the computer to use it.

knowledge domain

A specific area of knowledge covered by a knowledge-based system.

knowledge engineer

An engineer who obtains knowledge from human experts and organizes it into a knowledge base for an expert system.

knowledge engineering

The design and development of knowledge-based systems.

Knowledge Management System

(KMS). A distributed system from Knowledge Systems, Inc. for managing knowledge in organizations.

knowledge representation

The branch of artificial intelligence that involves the design of systems for holding and representing knowledge.

knowledge source

In artificial intelligence, the source of data which is used to create a knowledge base.

knowledge system

A computer system that is programmed to imitate the problem-solving procedures human experts make. For example, in a medical system the user might enter data like the patient's symptoms, lab reports, etc., and derive from the computer a possible diagnosis. The success of a knowledge system depends on the quality of the data provided to the computer, and the rules programmed into the computer for making deductions from that data.

Knowledge Systems Laboratory

(KSL). An artificial intelligence research laboratory at Stanford University.

knowledge-based system

(KBS). A computer system that is programmed to imitate human problem-solving by means of artificial intelligence and reference to a database of knowledge on a particular subject.

Korn shell

(ksh) A command interpreter for UNIX.

ksh

Korn shell. A command interpreter for UNIX.

KSL

Knowledge Systems Laboratory. An artificial intelligence research laboratory at Stanford University.

KSR

Keyboard Send/Receive. A teletypewriter transmitter and receiver operated by means of a keyboard, with no monitor.

KSR mode

(Keyboard send-receive mode). A mode in which a virtual terminal emulates a keyboard send/receive terminal.

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