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Global Markets and Technologies for Bioplastics

NEW YORK May 24, 2012

Global Markets and Technologies for Bioplastics

http://www.reportlinker.com/p0801557/Global-Markets-and-Technologies-for-Bioplastics.html#utm_source=prnewswire&utm_medium=pr&utm_campaign=Business_Services

INTRODUCTION

One of the fastest-growing materials’ sectors in the past four years has been the production of plastics from renewable resources referred to as bioplastics. The main driver is an interest in reducing use of petroleum as a feedstock because of its contribution to climate change, its pricing volatility and its occasional role as a political weapon.

This report explains the various types of bioplastics that are available, indicates key players and trends, and provides detailed forecasts on demand by global region and projected use by type of application, such as packaging, automotive, consumer goods and general industrial.

Identifying trends that will affect use of bioplastics and their major end-use application markets. Reviewing, analyzing and forecasting specific end markets for bioplastics by material types, with sections devoted to each type of renewably sourced plastic. Analyzing and forecasting market developments regarding major applications for bioplastics, including packaging, automotive, electrical/electronic, medical, building and construction.Profiling many of the most important suppliers of bioplastics, including resin producers and compounders.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY

The rapid emergence of bioplastics is one of the major materials stories in recent years. Once billed as biodegradable plastics, the theme for renewably sourced plastics has shifted dramatically in recent years to sustainability. To maximize market impact, the growing trend is to compound biobased plastics with oil-based plastics to extend their reach into markets for durable products used in cars and cell phones, among other applications. The focus has shifted away from contribution to the solid waste stream and toward total carbon footprint.

TARGET AUDIENCE OF THE STUDY

Due to the growing concern about climate change and negative health impacts of many existing materials, this report will be of interest to anyone who sells, designs or manufactures products that are or could be made from polymeric materials. This report will also be of value to individuals who are helping to establish public policy concerning issues ranging from limits on use of plastics packaging to potential limits on use of vinyl compounds in medical applications.

This report will be of value to technical and business personnel in the following areas:

Personnel in end-user companies in a wide range of industries, from retail bags to auto manufacturing.Marketing and management personnel in companies that produce, market and sell any type of plastics.Companies involved in the design and construction of process plants that manufacture resins and products made from the resins.Companies that supply or want to supply equipment and services to plastics companies.Financial institutions that supply money for such facilities and systems, including banks, merchant bankers and venture capitalists.Investors in both equity and fixed-income markets; the fate of the plastics weighs heavily on the values of the publicly traded stocks of companies such as Eastman, Bayer, DSM and DuPont.Personnel in government at many levels, ranging from federal to state and local authorities, many of whom are involved in trying to ensure public health and safety; the report also will be of interest to military scientists studying new packaging and equipment.

SCOPE AND FORMAT

Brazil

The focal point is on the following resin chemistries:

Polylactic acid.Thermoplastic starch.Bio-polyamides (nylons).Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA).Bio-polyols and polyurethane.Cellulosics.Bio-polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT).Bio-polyethylene.Bio-polyethylene terephthalate (PET).

Biodegradable and photodegradable polymers made from petrochemical feedstocks are not included. Other renewable resin chemistries are also covered but in less detail, as their roles are not as well-developed. These include collagen and chitosan.

Douglas A. Smock Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, Oh

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES . 1

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY 1

TARGET AUDIENCE OF THE STUDY 2

SCOPE AND FORMAT 2

METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES. 3

AUTHOR’S CREDENTIALS 3

RELATED BCC REPORTS 4

BCC ONLINE SERVICES 4

DISCLAIMER . 4

CHAPTER TWO: SUMMARY 5

SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL BIOPLASTIC MARKET, THROUGH 2016

(METRIC TONS) 5

SUMMARY FIGURE USE OF BIOPLASTICS BY GLOBAL REGION,

2009-2016 (METRIC TONS) 6

SUMMARY (CONTINUED) 7

CHAPTER THREE: THE BIOPLASTICS INDUSTRY 8

THE BIOPLASTICS INDUSTRY . 8

HISTORY OF BIOPLASTICS 9

HISTORY OF BIOPLASTICS (CONTINUED) . 10

PROS AND CONS OF BIOPLASTICS 11

OVERVIEW 11

CASE FOR BIOPLASTICS 11

Climate Change . 11

Volatility of Oil Pricing and Supply 11

Sustainability. 12

Corporate Environmental Policies 13

Government Involvement 13

Performance Advantages 13

CASE AGAINST BIOPLASTICS . 14

Cost . 14

Collection Infrastructure . 15

Lower Oil Pricing . 15

Food Supply Concerns . 15

Genetic Modification 16

CHAPTER FOUR: BIOPLASTICS BY RESIN TYPE . 17

POLYLACTIC ACID POLYMERS . 17

CHEMISTRY 17

PRODUCERS . 17

TABLE 1 GLOBAL PLA SUPPLIERS 18

TABLE 1 (CONTINUED) . 19

PRODUCTION . 19

TABLE 2 USE OF PLA BY GLOBAL REGION, THROUGH 2016

(METRIC TONS) 20

FIGURE 1 USE OF PLA BY GLOBAL REGION, THROUGH 2016

(METRIC TONS) 21

PROPERTIES . 22

PROCESSING 23

Modifications 24

APPLICATIONS . 24

TABLE 3 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR POLYLACTIC ACID BY

APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 25

FIGURE 2 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR POLYLACTIC ACID BY

APPLICATION, 2009-2016 (METRIC TONS) . 25

Food Packaging 26

Thermoformed Packaging . 26

Electronics 27

Bottles 27

Automotive . 28

Other Potential Applications 29

COMPOUNDING . 29

Blends . 29

Additives 30

Additives (Continued) . 31

Other Compounds 32

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES 33

Biodegradability 33

Recycling 33

Recycling (Continued) . 34

SELLING PRICES . 35

NEW DEVELOPMENTS . 35

STARCH-BASED PLASTICS . 36

CHEMISTRY 36

PRODUCERS . 37

TABLE 4 GLOBAL STARCH POLYMER PRODUCERS . 37

TABLE 4 (CONTINUED) . 38

PRODUCTION . 38

TABLE 5 USE OF STARCH-BASED PLASTICS BY GLOBAL REGION,

THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 39

FIGURE 3 USE OF STARCH-BASED PLASTICS BY GLOBAL REGION,

2009-2016 (METRIC TONS) 39

PROCESSING 40

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES 40

Biodegradability 40

Recyclability . 41

APPLICATIONS . 41

TABLE 6 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR THERMOPLASTIC STARCH BY

APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) . 41

FIGURE 4 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR THERMOPLASTIC STARCH BY

APPLICATION, 2009 2016 (METRIC TONS) . 42

PACKAGING 42

Packaging (Continued) 43

Food Serviceware . 44

Furniture 44

TABLE 7 PRODUCTS MADE FROM STARCH POLYMERS . 44

Agriculture . 44

COMPOUNDING . 45

Blends . 45

Polyvinyl Alcohol-starch Blends . 46

POLYHYDROXYALKANOATES . 46

CHEMISTRY 47

PRODUCERS . 47

TABLE 8 GLOBAL PHA SUPPLIERS 48

PRODUCTION . 49

TABLE 9 USE OF PHA BY GLOBAL REGION, THROUGH 2016

(METRIC TONS) 50

FIGURE 5 USE OF PHA BY GLOBAL REGION, THROUGH 2016

(METRIC TONS) 51

PROPERTIES . 51

PROCESSING 52

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES 52

Biodegradability 52

Recycling 53

APPLICATIONS . 53

TABLE 10 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR PHA BY APPLICATION,

THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 54

FIGURE 6 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR PHA BY APPLICATION, 2009-2016

(METRIC TONS) 54

Food Packaging 55

Bath Products 55

Compost Bags 55

Other Potential Applications 55

SUBSTITUTION POTENTIAL . 56

COMPOUNDING . 56

Use of Blends . 56

Additives for PHA 56

SELLING PRICES . 57

POLYBUTYLENE SUCCINATE-TYPE POLYESTERS . 57

CHEMISTRY 57

PRODUCERS . 57

TABLE 11 GLOBAL SUPPLIERS OF BIO PBS . 58

Producers (Continued) . 59

DEMAND 60

TABLE 12 USE OF PBS BY GLOBAL REGION, THROUGH 2016

(METRIC TONS) 60

FIGURE 7 USE OF PBS BY GLOBAL REGION, 2009-2016 (METRIC

TONS) . 60

PROPERTIES . 61

PROCESSING 61

APPLICATIONS . 61

TABLE 13 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR PBS BY APPLICATION, THROUGH

2016 (METRIC TONS) . 62

FIGURE 8 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR PBS BY APPLICATION, 2009-2016

(METRIC TONS) 63

Packaging . 63

Automotive . 64

Furniture 64

BIOBASED POLYAMIDES 64

CHEMISTRY 65

PRODUCERS . 65

TABLE 14 GLOBAL BIO-POLYAMIDE SUPPLIERS . 65

PRODUCTION . 66

TABLE 15 USE OF BIO-POLYAMIDES BY GLOBAL REGION,

THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 66

FIGURE 9 USE OF BIO-POLYAMIDES BY GLOBAL REGION, 2009-

2016 (METRIC TONS) . 67

PROPERTIES . 68

PROCESSING 69

APPLICATIONS . 69

TABLE 16 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR BIO-POLYAMIDES BY

APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 69

FIGURE 10 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR BIO-POLYAMIDES BY

APPLICATION, 2009-2016 (METRIC TONS) . 69

Automotive . 70

Electrical/electronic . 70

Sporting Goods . 71

Oil Country Goods . 71

Other Potential Applications 71

ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS . 71

NEW DEVELOPMENTS . 71

POLYTRIMETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE-TYPE POLYESTERS 72

CHEMISTRY 72

PRODUCER . 73

TABLE 17 GLOBAL SUPPLIERS OF PTT-TYPE POLYESTERS 73

PRODUCTION . 73

TABLE 18 USE OF BIO-PTT BY GLOBAL REGION, THROUGH 2016

(METRIC TONS) 74

FIGURE 11 USE OF BIO-PTT BY GLOBAL REGION, 2009-2016

(METRIC TONS) 74

PROPERTIES . 75

APPLICATIONS . 75

TABLE 19 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR BIO-PTT BY APPLICATION,

THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 76

FIGURE 12 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR BIO-PTT BY APPLICATION,

THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 76

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES 77

BIOBASED POLYURETHANE . 77

CHEMISTRY 78

PRODUCERS . 78

Producers (Continued) . 79

TABLE 20 GLOBAL BIO-POLYOL SUPPLIERS 80

PRODUCTION . 81

TABLE 21 USE OF BIO-POLYOLS BY GLOBAL REGION, THROUGH

2016 (METRIC TONS) . 82

FIGURE 13 USE OF BIO-POLYOLS BY GLOBAL REGION, 2009-2016

(METRIC TONS) 82

PROPERTIES . 83

APPLICATIONS . 84

TABLE 22 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR BIO-POLYOLS BY APPLICATION,

THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 84

FIGURE 14 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR BIO-POLYOLS BY APPLICATION,

THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 85

Applications (Continued) . 86

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES 87

NEW DEVELOPMENTS . 88

CELLULOSICS . 88

CHEMISTRY 88

PRODUCERS . 88

TABLE 23 GLOBAL SUPPLIERS OF CELLULOSE PLASTIC 89

PRODUCTION . 89

TABLE 24 USE OF CELLULOSIC PLASTICS BY GLOBAL REGION,

THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 90

FIGURE 15 USE OF CELLULOSIC PLASTICS BY GLOBAL REGION,

THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 90

PROPERTIES . 91

APPLICATIONS . 91

Applications (Continued) . 92

TABLE 25 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR CELLULOSIC PLASTICS BY

APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) . 93

FIGURE 16 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR CELLULOSIC PLASTICS BY

APPLICATION, 2009-2016 (METRIC TONS) 93

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES 94

NEW DEVELOPMENTS . 95

OTHER TYPES OF BIOPLASTICS . 95

BIOBASED BOTTLE-GRADE POLYESTER . 95

TABLE 26 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR OTHER BIOPLASTICS, THROUGH

2016 (METRIC TONS) . 96

FIGURE 17 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR OTHER BIOPLASTICS BY

APPLICATION, 2009-2016 (METRIC TONS) . 97

BIOBASED POLYETHYLENE . 98

TABLE 27 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR OTHER BIOPLASTICS BY

APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 99

FIGURE 18 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR OTHER BIOPLASTIC BY

APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 99

ELASTOMERS . 100

ALIPHATIC POLYETHYLENE CARBONATE . 100

GLOBAL DEMAND . 101

TABLE 28 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR OTHER BIOPLASTICS BY

GLOBAL REGION, THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) . 101

FIGURE 19 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR OTHER BIOPLASTICS, 2009-2016

(METRIC TONS) 101

ANIMAL-BASED FEEDSTOCKS . 102

Collagen . 102

Chitosan . 103

CARDANOL-CELLULOSE . 104

NEAT CARDANOL 105

Neat Cardanol (Continued) . 106

CHAPTER FIVE: GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR BIOPLASTICS . 107

TABLE 29 GLOBAL BIOPLASTIC MARKET, THROUGH 2016 (METRIC

TONS) . 107

FIGURE 20 GLOBAL BIOPLASTIC MARKET, 2009-2016 (METRIC

TONS) . 108

TABLE 30 USE OF PLA BY GLOBAL REGION, THROUGH 2016

(METRIC TONS) 109

TABLE 31 USE OF STARCH PLASTICS BY GLOBAL REGION,

THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 110

TABLE 32 USE OF PBS BY GLOBAL REGION, THROUGH 2016

(METRIC TONS) 111

GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR … (CONTINUED) 112

CHAPTER SIX: BIOPLASTICS IN THE AMERICAS 113

U.S. 113

TOTAL PLASTICS . 113

BIOPLASTICS 113

MAJOR PRODUCERS . 113

TABLE 33 MAJOR U.S. BIOPLASTICS PRODUCERS 114

TYPES OF BIOPLASTICS 114

TABLE 34 U.S. BIOPLASTIC MARKET BY RESIN TYPE, THROUGH

2016 (METRIC TONS) . 115

FIGURE 21 U.S. BIOPLASTIC MARKET BY RESIN TYPE, 2009-2016

(METRIC TONS) 116

APPLICATIONS . 116

TABLE 35 U.S. DEMAND FOR BIOPLASTICS BY APPLICATION,

THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 117

BRAZIL

TOTAL PLASTICS . 117

BIOPLASTICS 118

MAJOR PRODUCERS . 118

TABLE 36 MAJOR BRAZILIAN BIOPLASTICS PRODUCERS* . 119

TYPES OF BIOPLASTICS 120

TABLE 37 BRAZILIAN BIOPLASTIC MARKET BY RESIN TYPE,

THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 120

FIGURE 22 BRAZILIAN BIOPLASTIC MARKET BY RESIN TYPE

(METRIC TONS) 121

APPLICATIONS . 121

TABLE 38 BRAZILIAN DEMAND FOR BIOPLASTICS BY

APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 122

ELSEWHERE IN THE AMERICAS . 122

Canada

Canada

CHAPTER SEVEN: EUROPEAN BIOPLASTICS MARKET. 124

GERMANY

TOTAL PLASTICS . 124

BIOPLASTICS 124

MAJOR PRODUCERS . 125

TABLE 39 MAJOR GERMAN BIOPLASTICS PRODUCERS . 125

TYPES OF BIOPLASTICS 125

TABLE 40 GERMAN BIOPLASTIC MARKET BY RESIN TYPE,

THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 126

FIGURE 23 GERMAN BIOPLASTIC MARKET BY RESIN TYPE, 2009-

2016 (METRIC TONS) . 126

APPLICATIONS . 127

TABLE 41 GERMAN DEMAND FOR BIOPLASTICS BY APPLICATION,

THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 127

ITALY

TOTAL PLASTICS . 127

BIOPLASTICS 128

MAJOR PRODUCERS . 128

TABLE 42 MAJOR ITALIAN BIOPLASTICS PRODUCERS 128

TYPES OF BIOPLASTICS 129

TABLE 43 ITALIAN BIOPLASTIC MARKET BY RESIN TYPE,

THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 129

FIGURE 24 ITALIAN BIOPLASTIC MARKET BY RESIN TYPE, 2009-

2016 (METRIC TONS) . 130

APPLICATIONS . 130

TABLE 44 ITALIAN DEMAND FOR BIOPLASTICS BY APPLICATION,

THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 131

EUROPE

France

The Netherlands

The Netherlands

CHAPTER EIGHT: ASIAN BIOPLASTICS MARKET . 133

CHINA

TOTAL PLASTICS . 133

BIOPLASTICS 133

MAJOR PRODUCERS . 134

TABLE 45 MAJOR CHINESE BIOPLASTICS PRODUCERS 135

BIOPLASTIC TYPES . 136

TABLE 46 CHINESE BIOPLASTIC MARKET BY RESIN TYPE,

THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 136

FIGURE 25 CHINESE BIOPLASTIC MARKET BY RESIN TYPE, 2009-

2016 (METRIC TONS) . 137

APPLICATIONS . 137

TABLE 47 CHINESE DEMAND FOR BIOPLASTICS BY APPLICATION

(METRIC TONS) 138

FIGURE 26 CHINESE DEMAND FOR BIOPLASTICS BY

APPLICATION, 2009-2016 (METRIC TONS) 139

JAPAN

TOTAL PLASTICS . 140

BIOPLASTICS 140

MAJOR PRODUCERS . 140

TABLE 48 MAJOR JAPANESE BIOPLASTICS PRODUCERS 141

BIOPLASTICS TYPES 141

TABLE 49 JAPANESE BIOPLASTIC MARKET BY RESIN TYPE,

THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 142

FIGURE 27 JAPANESE BIOPLASTIC MARKET BY RESIN TYPE, 2009-

2016 (METRIC TONS) . 142

APPLICATIONS . 143

TABLE 50 JAPANESE DEMAND FOR BIOPLASTICS BY

APPLICATION, THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 143

FIGURE 28 JAPANESE DEMAND FOR BIOPLASTICS BY

APPLICATION, 2009-2016 (METRIC TONS) 144

ASIA

Asia

CHAPTER NINE: BIOPLASTIC PROCESSING TECHNOLOGIES 146

EXTRUSION . 146

COMPOUNDING 146

STARCH POLYMERS . 147

PLA AND PHA . 147

BLENDS WITH OIL-BASED PLASTICS . 147

TABLE 51 EXAMPLES OF BIOPLASTIC EQUIPMENT SPECIALISTS 147

PELLETIZING 148

FOAMING . 148

FOAMING (CONTINUED) 149

STORAGE AND DRYING . 150

USE OF REGRIND . 150

CAST FILM . 151

THERMOFORMING 152

INJECTION MOLDING . 152

INJECTION MOLDING (CONTINUED) 153

CHAPTER TEN: MARKET ESTIMATES AND FORECASTS 154

TABLE 52 GLOBAL BIOPLASTICS DEMAND, THROUGH 2016

(METRIC TONS) 154

FIGURE 29 GLOBAL BIOPLASTIC MARKET BY RESIN TYPE, 2009-

2016 (METRIC TONS) . 155

TABLE 53 GLOBAL BIOPLASTIC MARKET BY APPLICATION,

THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 156

FIGURE 30 GLOBAL BIOPLASTIC MARKET BY APPLICATION, 2009-

2016 (METRIC TONS) . 157

CHAPTER ELEVEN: APPLICATIONS 158

OVERVIEW . 158

PACKAGING . 158

MARKET FORECAST . 158

TABLE 54 USE OF BIOPLASTICS IN PACKAGING APPLICATIONS,

THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 158

FIGURE 31 USE OF BIOPLASTICS IN PACKAGING APPLICATIONS,

THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 159

SNACK FOOD 159

SHOPPING BAGS 160

BOTTLES . 161

THERMOFORMED TRAYS 161

LOOSE-FILL PACKAGING 162

CUPS AND UTENSILS . 162

FOAM PACKAGING 163

RIGID PACKAGING 164

NEW DEVELOPMENTS . 164

AUTOMOTIVE 165

TABLE 55 USE OF BIOPLASTICS IN AUTOMOTIVE AND

TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 (METRIC

TONS) . 166

FIGURE 32 USE OF BIOPLASTICS IN AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS,

2009-2016 (METRIC TONS) 166

INTERIOR . 167

FOAMS . 167

COMPONENTS 167

Components (Continued) . 168

Components (Continued) . 169

FUEL COMPONENTS 170

EXTERIOR . 171

NEW DEVELOPMENTS . 172

AGRICULTURE 172

MEDICAL 173

MARKET FORECAST . 173

TABLE 56 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR BIOPLASTICS IN MEDICAL

APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2016 (METRIC TONS) 173

FIGURE 33 GLOBAL OUTLOOK FOR BIOPLASTICS IN MEDICAL

APPLICATIONS, 2009-2016 (METRIC TONS) . 174

DISPOSABLE DEVICES . 174

ORTHOPEDIC FIXATION DEVICES 175

DRUG DELIVERY . 175

HYDROGELS . 176

MICROSPHERES 177

TISSUE ENGINEERING 177

Tissue Engineering (Continued) . 178

Tissue Engineering (Continued) . 179

STENTS 180

HYGENIC PRODUCTS . 181

MEDICAL PACKAGING . 182

Medical Packaging (Continued) 183

Medical Packaging (Continued) 184

OTHER MEDICAL APPLICATIONS 185

AIRCRAFT 185

ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONICS . 185

ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONICS (CONTINUED) 186

LIQUID-CRYSTAL DISPLAYS . 187

CONDUCTIVE PLASTICS 188

SPORTING GOODS . 189

PHOTOVOLTAICS 189

Photovoltaics (Continued) . 190

CHAPTER TWELVE: ISSUES FACING BIOPLASTICS . 191

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES . 191

COMPOSTING . 191

RECYCLABILITY 192

FOOD SUPPLY ISSUE 193

CARBON FOOTPRINT 193

GOVERNMENT INVOLVEMENT 194

Direct Actions 194

U.S. 194

Ohio

Seattle, Wash.

Europe

Germany

Italy

Indirect Actions . 195

Canada

Japan

Recycling (Continued) . 196

CHAPTER THIRTEEN: STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATIONS. 197

BIOBASED 197

ASTM D6866 197

PD CEN/TR 15932:2010 . 197

BIODEGRADABILITY . 198

EN 13432, ASTM D6400 AND ISO 17088 198

CHAPTER FOURTEEN: COMPANY PROFILES 199

ALGIX 199

ARKEMA . 199

AVANTIUM . 200

BASF 200

BIOAMBER . 201

BIOLOG BIOTECHNOLOGIE UND LOGISTIK GMBH . 202

BIOBASED CHEM CO. LTD. 202

BIOMATERA 203

BIOME TECHNOLOGIES . 203

BIOMER 204

BIOP BIOPOLYMER TECHNOLOGIES 204

BIOTEC BIOLOGISCHE NATURVERPACKUNGEN GMBH 204

BRASKEM . 205

CARDIA BIOPLASTICS . 205

CARGILL . 206

CEREPLAST . 206

CERES . 207

CHINA

DANIMER SCIENTIFIC/MEREDIAN 208

DOW PLASTICS . 209

DUPONT . 209

DUPONT TATE & LYLE BIO PRODUCTS 210

DSM . 210

DURECT CORP. . 211

EASTMAN CHEMICAL . 211

ENTEK MANUFACTURING INC. 212

FABRI-KAL . 212

FKUR PLASTICS CORP. . 212

FUTERRO . 213

GREEN DAY ECO-FRIENDLY MATERIAL CO. . 213

HUHTAMAKI . 214

INNOVIA FILMS 214

JAPAN

JSR CORP. 215

KANEKA . 215

KINGFA 216

LAUREL BIOCOMPOSITE 216

METABOLIX . 217

MICROMIDAS 217

MITR PHOL SUGAR CORP. 218

MYRIANT TECHNOLOGIES LLC 218

NATUREWORKS 219

NGAI HING HONG CO. . 219

NOVAMONT . 220

PLANTIC TECHNOLOGIES LTD. 221

PLASTICS ENGINEERING ASSOCIATES 221

PLAXICA . 222

POLYONE . 222

PTT CHEMICAL . 223

PURAC 223

PYRAMID BIOPLASTICS GUBEN . 224

RHEIN CHEMIE RHEINAU . 225

RODENBURG BIOPOLYMERS B.V. 225

RTP CO. . 226

SOLANYL BIOPOLYMERS . 226

SYNBRA TECHNOLOGY 226

SYNTHEZYME . 227

TATE & LYLE . 227

TEKNOR-APEX 227

TEIJIN . 228

TELLES . 228

TIANAN BIOLOGIC MATERIAL CO. . 228

TIANJIN

TORAY . 229

TRELLIS EARTH PRODUCTS 230

URETHANE SOY SYSTEMS CO. . 230

VIRENT ENERGY SYSTEMS . 231

WUHAN

ZEACHEM INC. 231

ZHEJIANG

APPENDIX A: LEADING BIOPLASTICS TRADE GROUPS 233

JAPAN

EUROPEAN BIOPLASTICS 233

USA

USA

APPENDIX B: IMPORTANT ACRONYMS RELATED TO BIOPLASTICS . 235

IMPORTANT ACRONYMS … (CONTINUED) 236

APPENDIX C: SELECTED GLOSSARY OF TERMS 237

SELECTED GLOSSARY OF TERMS (CONTINUED) 238

SELECTED GLOSSARY OF TERMS (CONTINUED) 239

Business Services Industry Global Markets and Technologies for Bioplastics

Market Research Report

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