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Smart Grid Networking and Communications

NEW YORK May 24, 2012

Smart Grid Networking and Communications

Public and Private, Wired and Wireless Networks for Smart Meters, Distribution Automation, Substation Automation, and Home Area Networks

The development of the smart grid up to this point has largely focused on highly visible, consumer-facing deployments of smart meters. While this has powered the market over the past few years, both in terms of revenue and visibility, much of the smart meter installation activity is projected to slow down, due to factors including the completion of large utility deployments, a reduction in federal stimulus funding, and the utilities’ desire to focus on projects that can more quickly deliver a positive return on investment. As such, the communications networks and equipment used to construct them are shifting from the high unit volume and less expensive nodes used in smart meters, to somewhat lower unit volume, yet higher value, networking equipment and communications gear found in substation automation projects, distribution network upgrades, and other projects that focus on delivering measurable grid efficiency improvements, enhanced security and reliability, and a path to a fully integrated grid-wide communications system.While smart metering initiatives will continue to drive the market over the next 2 to 3 years, investment in advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) networks will be reduced starting in the second half of the decade, as utilities focus on high-return grid enhancement projects that provide important reliability, security, and efficiency gains, with less need for the challenging process of customer education.This Pike Research report analyzes the current market dynamics and future opportunities for public and private, wired and wireless networks for a range of smart grid applications including smart meters, distribution automation, substation automation, and home area networks. The study provides an in-depth examination of market drivers, technology issues and standards, and the competitive landscape for smart grid networking. Detailed market forecasts are included for unit shipments and revenue, segmented by technology, application, and world region, through 2020.

Key Questions Addressed:

North America Europe Asia

Who needs this report?

Smart grid hardware and software companiesNetworking and telecommunications equipment vendorsTelecommunications service providersSystems integrators and consultantsElectric, water, and gas utilitiesGovernment agenciesInvestor community

1.1  Introduction to Smart Grid Communications

1.2  Smart Grid Communications Forecast Overview

Middle East

3.      Smart Grid Applications and  Networking Requirements

3.1  Introduction

3.2  Electrical Grid Overview

3.3  Smart Metering and AMI

3.3.1    Why Smart Meters?    Smart Meter Utility Operating Benefits    Consumer Energy Use Reduction Benefits    Peak Demand Shifting    Criticism of Smart Meters    Net Metering, Local Generation, and Electric Vehicle Support

3.3.2    Advanced Metering Infrastructure Architecture

3.3.3    Home Area Network Technology

3.3.4    Smart Metering Communications Requirements

3.4  Substation Automation

3.4.1    SCADA Systems

3.4.2    Physical Security

3.4.3    Workforce Communications

3.4.4    Substation Automation Communications Requirements

3.5  Distribution Automation

3.5.1    Basic Automation

3.5.2    Distribution Automation Communications Requirement

3.6  Enterprise Voice and Data Communications

3.7  Derivative Smart Grid Applications

3.7.1    Outage and Fault Management

3.7.2    Asset Management and Monitoring

3.7.3    Distributed and Alternative Generation Integration

3.7.4    Demand Response and Dynamic Pricing

3.7.5    Contingency and Capacity Planning

3.7.6    Workforce Automation

4.      Smart Grid Communications  Architecture and Standards4.1  The Smart Grid Architecture Challenge4.1.1    Networking versus Communications4.1.2    A Sample Architecture4.2  Smart Grid Networking Standards4.2.1    The Internet Protocol Suite and the Smart Grid4.2.2    SCADA Standards4.2.2.1    Distributed Network Protocol4.2.2.2    IEC 618504.3  Emerging North American Smart Grid Standards4.3.1    NIST Release    SGIP’s First Six Standards for the Catalog of Standard4.4  IEEE 2030 Guides4.4.1    Emerging European Union Smart Grid Standards4.4.1.1    European OPEN Meter Project4.4.1.2    Utility-Driven Standardization4.4.2    Asian Smart Grid Standards4.4.2.1    China4.4.2.2    South Korea4.4.2.3    Japan4.4.3    International Standards Cooperation4.5  Challenges with Standards Development4.6  Smart Grid Communications Security

5.      Smart Grid Networking Technologies

5.1  Private vs. Public Networks

5.2  Public Wired Technologies

5.3  Public Wireless Technologies

5.3.1    2G/3G Cellular

5.3.2    Market Environment and Business Structure

5.3.3    U.S. Wireless Adoption Issues

5.3.4    Technology Challenges    Availability and Reliability    Latency    Interoperability

5.3.5    Security Concerns

5.3.6    4G Cellular

5.3.7    Other Public Wireless Technologies

5.4  Private Wired Technologies

5.4.1    Fiber Optic Communications

5.4.2    Dedicated Copper Communications

5.4.3    Power Line Communications    Low Speed Power Line Communications    Narrowband Power Line Carrier    Broadband-over-Power Line    In-Home Power Line Carrier  HomePlug  HomeGrid/ITU  Echelon LonWorks

5.5  Private Wireless Technologies

5.5.1    Proprietary RF Mesh    Physical and Link Layer Protocols    Network Layer Protocols    Performance Characteristics    RF Mesh Vendor Examples    Home-Oriented Proprietary RF Mesh Technologies

5.5.2    IEEE 802.15.4 Standards    ZigBee  ZigBee Smart Energy Profile  ZigBee Evolution  Migration Issues    IEEE 802.15.4g (SUN)    Wireless M-Bus

5.5.3    IEEE 802.11 Metro Wi-Fi

5.5.4    Microwave Point-to-Point Links

5.5.5    Proprietary Point-to-Multipoint Communications

5.5.6    WiMAX and Private LTE

5.5.7    Satellite Communications

5.5.8    Summary Comparisons

Austin Glendale Water Southern California Cooper Power Nokia Siemens

7.      Market Forecasts

7.1   Worldwide Smart Grid Communications Forecast & Methodology

7.1.1    Worldwide Forecast by Device Type

7.1.2    Worldwide Forecast by Technology

7.1.3    Worldwide Forecast by Region

7.2  North American Smart Grid Communications Forecast

7.3  Latin American Smart Grid Communications Forecast

7.4  European Smart Grid Communications Forecast

7.5  Asia Pacific Smart Grid Communications Forecast

7.6   Middle Eastern and African Smart Grid Communications Forecast

7.7  Communications Device Forecast Risks

8.      Company Directory

9.      Acronym and Abbreviation List 

10.     Table of Contents 

11.      Table of Charts and Figures 

12.      Scope of Study, Sources and Methodology, Notes

List of Charts and Figures

North America United States Canada Latin America Europe Asia Pacific Middle East Africa

List of Tables

Canada Canada Canada Latin America Latin America Latin America Latin America Latin America Latin America Latin America Latin America Latin America Europe Europe Europe Europe Europe Europe Europe Europe Europe Asia Pacific Asia Pacific Asia Pacific Asia Pacific Asia Pacific Asia Pacific Asia Pacific Asia Pacific Asia Pacific Middle East Africa Middle East Africa Middle East Africa Middle East Africa Middle East Africa Middle East Africa Middle East Africa North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America North America United States United States United States Middle East Africa Middle East Africa

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