There are two main types of diabetes – Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 is caused due to the inability of body to produce insulin. This usually affects children and young adults. Type 2 diabetes is caused due to the inability of body to utilize insulin. In other words, the body becomes resistant to insulin, which results in high blood sugar levels. This usually affects people above 30 years of age.
Diet plays a very important role in preventing, controlling, and reversing diabetes. You should eat a diet rich in fiber and low in carbohydrates, fats, and sugar.
Doctors suggest that diabetics should consume complex carbohydrates, instead of simple ones, in limited amounts. Some sources of complex carbohydrates are brown rice, barley, maize, oats, and lentils. Complex carbohydrates release energy slowly and, therefore, do not cause a sudden rise in blood sugar level.
To help regulate blood sugar levels, you should eat small meals at regular intervals of 3 to 4 hours.
A diet rich in fiber also helps in reversing diabetes. You should consume a lot of fresh fruits and vegetables. However, you should refrain from fruits and vegetables with high glycemic index, such as potatoes, bananas, watermelon, beet, and yam. Instead stick to the ones with low GI, such as apples, cauliflower, broccoli, celery, lettuce, lemons, bell peppers, asparagus, and raspberries.
You should use oils containing mono unsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids rather than ones with saturated and Trans fatty acids.
Doing exercise regularly also helps in reversing diabetes. Thirty minutes of brisk walk alone can do wonders in controlling blood sugar levels. Exercise benefits in various ways. It reduces weight and stress and increases metabolism. All this eventually helps in regulating blood sugar levels.
Several foods are found to be effective in controlling a diabetic condition. Some of them are bitter gourd, cabbage, spinach, French beans, and tomatoes. Intake of herbs, such as garlic, ginseng, ginger, fenugreek seeds, cinnamon, bilberry, and sage, is also useful for diabetics.
Alternative therapies, such as yoga, acupuncture, hydrotherapy, massage, and color therapies, may also help one in fighting against this disease. These therapies help to remove toxins from the body and restore balance.
Besides following the tips given above, diabetics should regularly check their blood sugar level. They should maintain a normal BMI, as excessive weight is one of the factors that expose one to this disease. One should undergo regular medical tests to ensure that disease is controlled and not adversely affecting different body parts.
If you become a little disciplined and maintain a healthy lifestyle, it can greatly help you in reversing diabetes.